Branch County SATF

Drug Trends


Krokodil (pronounced crocodile) is a homemade substitute for heroin, invented in rural Russia. The chemical name for the main ingredient is Desomorphine. Codeine is used to create Desomorphine through the use of household chemicals like paint thinner or gasoline. It’s injected and can reportedly cause a high ten times more powerful than morphine. It’s also three times as toxic. The high, which only reportedly lasts for 90 minutes, results in withdrawal lasting 30 days or more.

The effects of the injections of the drug on the skin are significant. Missing the vein can cause immediate skin tissue damage. In long-term abusers, skin may present as green and scaly like a “crocodile” due to damaged blood vessels, thrombosis and damaged soft tissues surrounding the injection sites. These skin injuries can eventually develop into severe tissue damage leading to gangrene. These conditions usually result in limb amputation or sometimes death. Studies have shown that most users die within a year of use.
The drug is widespread in Russia due to the lack of access to heroine and the ability for Russians to purchase codeine over the counter. There have been recent reports that the drug has spread into the United States, but there has been no confirmation of these reports.

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Molly is often referred to as a “pure” form of ecstasy, but often that is not the case. The reality is that users have no idea what chemicals are in the drug nor the amount. Molly can take many different forms, although it's most often found in a capsule or powder. The drug contains lab-created chemicals intended to mimic the effects of MDMA (ecstasy) resulting in a euphoric high that causes a rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, blood vessel constriction and profuse sweating. The body is often not able to regulate a person’s temperature. Some of the chemicals have been reported to cause intense panic attacks, psychosis and seizures. After the euphoria wears off, the chemicals can cause devastating a depression. Several of these compounds have caused deaths.

Molly is being marketed to young first-time drug abusers between the ages of 12 and 17, especially in the club scene and within popular songs.

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Syrup which also goes by the name of “Lean”, “Sizzurp”, and “Purple Drank”, is a mixture of prescription cough syrup with codeine, soda and Jolly Ranchers. Because codeine is an opiate, it gives a feeling of euphoria. At the same time, in the cough syrup is an ingredient promethazine which is a sedative (sleep aid). This combination can make the user lean over – thus the name “lean”.

The combination can be quite dangerous. An overdose of codeine and promethazine can slow the central nervous system and respiratory systems and stop the heart and lungs. Other symptoms include nausea, dizziness, vision problems, memory loss, and seizures. Syrup/Lean can be addictive – the sugary taste is pleasant to most teens, resulting in use sometimes throughout the day resulting in an unknown quantity of the drug ingested until it’s too late.

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